Parts of an Essay

 An essay is a piece of composition which has well-defined parts of own. They are introduction or the beginning, body or the middle pan the conclusion or ending. Each part plays a vital role to make the essay complete and well written. Although these three parts have their own role, they are completely inter-related. In other words, there must be unity, coherence and cohesion in the whole writing. These parts are mentioned here below:

5.1.1 Introduction or the Beginning


Introduction is the first part of the essay. It simply introduces the subject matter by giving general introduction to the topic. It should be arresting and pertinent to the subject. The introduction can consist of a definition a proverb or or a quotation or general statement and so on. The main purpose of the introduction is to arrest or draw the attention of the reader. It provides keynotes to the readers. Generally it should be short. The Opening sentence should be short impressive and aphoristic. It is said that the introduction should be clear, simple, complete and impressive e effective to give the exact account of the subject.


5.1.2 Body or the Middle Part

This is the second and the most important part of the essay. In this part the writer elaborates the subject matter. Illustrations, descriptions or elaborations of the supporting details of the central idea or theme should be given after the introduction. It contains appropriate facts, anecdotes, figures, examples, logic and so on what are needed to clarify the subject matter. This is also called the discussion part. In this part, coherence has to be well maintained because the description should follow the particular order according to the requirement.

There can be more than one paragraph. The main headings can be divided into subheadings. The main headings should be elaborated in different paragraphs. It is said that only one main heading should be planed in one paragraph. The sub-headings should be explained logically and naturally. The writer's opinions, experiences, reasons should be described here. The body or the middle part of the essay is complete within itself, too, because everything is clearly mentioned here.

           Conclusion or the ending

    The interest  the introduction has to arouse should be satisfied by the conclusion. The ending should be satisfied by the conclusion. The ending may contain the  writer's own opinion as the summary of the whole writing too. A good conclusion may consists of the following aspects:

  1. As the summary: The conclusion should express the summing up of the arguments and logic/resaons.
  2. Final conclusion : It is drawn from the whole writing .The ending should be conclusive.
  3. A suitable quotation : A suitable quotation can be mentioned in the conclusion if the quotation can express the central idea of the whole writing.
  4. Ending with the main point: The conclusion should consist of the main points of the whole writing  if the prime role carrying  the central idea clearly and completely 


Writing Essays



An essay means a piece of composition on a topic. The definition of it literally varies from person to person but the entire semanticity of different definitions, to some extent, seems to be similar. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary defines essay as a "piece of writing usualy short and non prose, on any one subject".

The essay is a long piece of composition on a theme or subject. It is contained that is, it has a beginning, a middle and an end. The beginning usually introduces the subject in general forms. The middle of the essay develops the theme and presents the writer's thought on it. Then the essay is brought to a close in a suitable concluding passage" (Narayanaswami 2000).


Doctor Johnson defines an essay as "a loose sally of the mind: an irregular indigested piece, not a regular and orderly composition. Literally the word means an attempt or an experiment. An essay is also regarded as a literary composition on any subject usually in prose and short".


Etymology says the word 'essay' has been derived from the French word ├ęssai" which means trial or attempt. Montaigue is known as the first man to write the essays; then the system of writing essays started and spread all over the world.

It can be on the basis of the aforementioned definitions, concluded that an essay is a self-contained piece of writing in prose on a theme or subject.


Essays can be either literary or non-literary on any subjects or topics. The essays can be categorized as literary and non-literary on the basis of the following criteria:


1. the style of presentation,


2 language form and wording,


3. the nature of the theme they deal


4. the purpose of writing.

The main purpose of writing the literary essays is to provide pleasure to the readers. On the other hand, the purpose of writing the non-literary ones is to 'get' something done or to push world in a certain direction.

Rude people

In short period of my life i saw rude people. I don't understand why people become so rude towards other. Everybody knows that they can't take any realistic materials from the Earth after death but also people commit crime. Why don't they think that if they give pain to others then one day it returns  to them. Every where knowledge is spreading to be a good person, never do wrong activities, work should be done for the welfare of the people,country,
I want to say just love all.



   Rude refers to bad behavior or just plain bad manners. ... A rude person needs a little work — rude also means crude or basic, like a rude cabin out in the woods that barely keeps the rain out. It can be a sudden realization, too. If you wake up and see your breath, it's a rude awakening that the heat's not working.

If you’ve ever driven during rush-hour traffic or waded through a crowded store, you know all too well that rude people are everywhere. Whether it’s an insulting comment or a dismissive attitude, rudeness is pervasive. All too often, this negativity rubs off on us.

You can’t control someone else’s behavior but you don't want to be provoked by someone’s ill-mannered attitude. So what do you do?

When confronted with toxic behavior, whether it’s coming from a crotchety stranger, a grouchy coworker or a snappish friend, here are some tried and true methods that smart people use to effectively handle rude people.

Don’t take it personally (even if it’s personal).

When someone’s rude—especially if they’re making personal comments about you—it’s easy to get upset. But you have a choice about how you react. Take the power out of their rudeness by choosing to treat it as their problem, not your problem.

React to rudeness with kindness.

Don’t let a rude person cause you to respond with more of the same. One of the best ways to defuse rude and negative behavior is to stay friendly and positive. This gives the other person a chance to calm down and adjust their behavior to match yours. Kindness can be a wonderful antidote to rudeness.

Showing kindness to someone who is being surly or insulting to others can be extremely difficult. 

Be objective and analyze the rudeness.

So somebody was rude to you. What did they do or say? Was there any sense in it? If you view the situation objectively, you’ll realize that most rudeness is senseless, so you can cheerfully ignore it. On the rare occasions when there’s logic behind the rude behavior, staying objective lets you address the root of the problem instead of the rudeness concealing it.

Call the person out on his or her behavior.

Another tactic to stop the spiral of rudeness is to simply call them out on their behavior and ask them to stop. If someone you can't get away from is consistently rude to you, you need to address the issue directly. There is no need for you to take ongoing abuse from anyone. You should never allow anyone to treat you in a disrespectful way.

Have a conversation about what is going on. Does the person realize how hurtful his or her actions are to you? Perhaps the person doesn’t realize how rude he or she is being. By making the person aware, it gives him or her a chance to apologize and try to be more polite.

Consider offering help.

Some rudeness is a simple case of bad manners. But often, a person who’s rude to you does so because they feel frustrated about something—and if it’s within your power to resolve their frustration, you may see them switch from rudeness to gratitude in seconds. A word of warning, though: only offer help if you can provide it immediately, as an offer of help “later on” can add to their feelings of frustration.

Don’t try to force a change.

You can’t make someone be polite if they want to be rude. In fact, trying to force a change in their behavior will often make them behave worse instead of better. Sometimes your best option is to accept that their rudeness is not your fault and let them find their own solutions.

Be a good role model.

People have all kinds of ulterior motives for acting as they do. Recognize that some people use rude behavior as a way of showing dominance or displaying power. They may be trying to provoke a reaction and make you look bad. Don’t let them have the satisfaction of seeing you get angry.

 Avoid the rude person.

When all else fails, keep in mind that sometimes it's best to just walk away. If you have done all you can to make the person aware of his or her actions and you have tried to show kindness and empathy, it may be that this person is just incapable of treating you (and others) with politeness and good manners.

By avoiding habitually rude people, you take away their audience and give them fewer targets to lash out at. A lack of an audience will also defuse the situation. If everyone around them begins giving them a wide berth, perhaps it will be a wake-up call. And if not, it will at least help everyone else have a better day.

Corruption

The misuse or abuse of power to do illegal things for money or certain advantages is corruption.the word "corruption"has been an everyday word for media,NGOs, leaders and social workers.Todays in morden age no country is free from corruption.The most corrupted people are found in countries like Nepal, India. In context of Nepal even education sector is corrupted.A great and new innovation is required for new Nepal and for this young generation should take first step.

Trekking in Nepal

We take great pleasure to welcome you to the Himalayan country of Nepal –Land of mythical  beauty, historical   place,  and people  of different castes  and of  beautiful art.  Trek Nepal has been bringing together  group of explorers from all over the world. Trek Nepal tours  are designed for international travelers, so you are guaranteed to trekking with like minded people of same   races.  While trekking, most awe exhilarating  and iconic trek takes us  to the world famous Sherpas, Rai, Gurung, the culture, life style,Hindus and Buddhism temples.  We have created  a synoptic  network of support facilities  all the way of trekking. All of our team members are familiar with nature and the culture of Nepal with  most having grown up in the Himalaya. One always finds people on the trekking trails and there is an abundance of information as to trekking routes and directions. Hill people are traditionally very generous  and this adds pleasure to trekking in the Himalayas more than anywhere else.   We are committed on environmental friendly  trekking activities  and we take pride in doing our part to preserve the natural beauty, respect the way of life of host community, and their local culture and heritage.  It has  been established as the premier service provider for adventure holidays in Nepal.  Our  clients' safety, security, comfort and satisfaction are supreme  importance to us. We strive to ensure that each experience with us is fulfilling and memorable. We provide the utmost care for every client  including ensuring adequate altitude acclimatization and provisions for carefully prepared food in camps. Our cheerful porters, capable support crews, expert trekking guides and dedicated tour operators ensure that  your every need is catered  to.  With year round departure our small group holidays let you see and do more than you ever dreamed possible, and guarantee the freedom of the open road and the adventure of a lifetime. Most of the trekkers prefer  foot trekking but  if you want some like different  trekking (bicycle trekking, bike  trekking)  then  we will also arrange that for you; we want totally  your satisfaction  and we  guarantee  for that.  Trekking in Nepal  is the dream of adventure lovers. Nepal’s  glorious mountains, plummeting rivers, deep forests and jungles have drawn adventure seekers for many years. Today they continue to offer challenges and pleasure to hikers, mountain climbers. But you don’t need to be an athlete or mountain climber to enjoy the wonders of this amazing country. There are so many possible destinations and styles of trekking that first time trekkers  can easily find a trek to suit their level of fitness, their schedule and their budget. 
There are different areas for trekking in Nepal. They are:-
1.  Trekking in Annapurna Region     
2.  Trekking in Langtang Region   
3.  Trekking in The Restricted Areas 
4.  Trekking in Eastern Region   
5.  Everest Three Pass Trek
6.  Trekking in Everest Region
7.  Everest Marathon     
8.  Ruby valley Trekking
9.  The Great Himalaya Trail Trekking
10.  Trekking in western region
Trekking means  to regenerate one's own self-esteem,  to rediscover oneself, to appreciate Nepal's beauty, to interact with its hospitable and friendly people;  and  are some of its  highlights. Trekking is one long-term activity that draws repeat visitors to the country. Therefore, Nepal is the ultimate destination for the  trekking  enthusiast. It offers  an  innumerable  of possibilities  -  from the 'short and easy' walking excursions to the 'demanding and  strenuous' challenges of the snowy peaks and their foothills and valleys. Trekking is the gift of Nepal to the world in adventure tourism.                                         

Tourism In Nepal

Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries where different things and activities attract human beings not only for pleasure and entertainment but also for search of knowledge about people living, their life style, culture and tradition. Tourism itself has diversified into heritage tourism, beach tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, medical tourism etc to cater to different tastes. Nepal is famous mostly for heritage tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism and medical tourism. People are tired off seeing the same old places and this has led to the promotion of new foreigner destination in far flung corners of global. In this regard Nepal is also promoting itself by introducing new-new destinations for tourists. Due to number of visiting sites existing in Nepal, we can say “Truly Nepal” /”Incredible Nepal” which means totally focused to tourism industry and tourists too, which is not  found in any other places.
                                    In the capital city of Kathmandu alone there are seven UNESCO world heritage sites and more than 130 monuments of historical significances. The seven world heritage sites situated in Kathmandu are Durbar square, Patan Stupa, Bhaktapur Stupa, Swayambhu temple, Bouddhanath temple, Pashupatinath temple and Changunarayan temple. These heritages sites attract tourists/foreigners which help to increase economy status of the country. The immaculate, taintless original valleys of country are considered to be the most beautiful in the world. Also the federal democratic re-public of Nepal is a home with 8 of the 10 highest mountains. Out of the world, Nepal is known as beautiful country though it is a small country but there are many things that a world recognizes like, Mount Everest, Natural scenarios, river and rivulets, traditions, cultures, values and norms. There are many places like Pokhra, Sauraha, Durbar square, Lumbini etc and also for trekking in Sagramatha, Kanchanjungha, Makalu, Rafting, Bungee jumping etc for foreigners to visit which helps to increase foreign currency. Nepal has fascinated people from all over the world with her secularism and culture. Nepalese people are also identified with their handicrafts, weaving and knitting, local fairs, folk dances and music which delight them and make them to come again and again. They can also spend their time to know about people living in different region like Hilly, Terai and Himalayan. The department of tourism has been formed to promote international and domestic tourism in the country. Most of the area of Nepal is occupied with forest where you can find different species of flora and fauna which adds beauty of Nepal and you can go for study or research on different types of plants like yarsagumba (Cordyceps), Panch aule (Dactylorhyza hatagirea, Jatamansi (spikenard) etc which are mostly used for Ayurvedic/Allopathic treatment.
                                                                     Today, Nepal is emerging as a favored place of medical treatment. The cost of treatment is substantially less than those of developed countries. We operators are now offering attractive packages in collaboration of medical treatment (mostly Ayurvedic and home remedies) which is useful as well as do not have side effects. Different types of packages for treatments are available like relaxation, head massage, facial massage, dripping oil on forehead, hot oil sponging, whole body steam and herbal oil irrigation on back. Actually now-a-days, another concept Home stay is also being famous in Nepal mostly in Himalayan and Hilly region where there is no any hotel facilities. A home stay is not just to provide a place to stay but to create an enriching learning experience, clothing, dancing, local tradition and languages.
                                                                      In Nepal, if you want to make documentary film on particular aspect like heritage, life style of people, scenarios, then it will be best choice for you all. Apart from visiting the places, you can also have fun or entertainment by playing golf, archery and attaining different ceremonial programmes.

                                                                     So, once you come here; I think you would be coming here again and again.

Teej (local festival celebrated in Nepal)

Teej is a festival celebrated in August  or early September in various parts  of Nepal and India. Married women celebrate this festival for the welfare of  their husband .On the contrary,young girls celebrate for the desire of good husband. In this festival, women wear new red sari and keep fasting for whole day.They even don't drink water.It is believed that doing Nirjara Vrat on this  festival keep the life of their husband long and also healthy and prosperous. This festival is celebrated for three days not only for the welfare of their spouse but also for the well-being of their children and purification of their own body and soul.This is a festival of swing, singing and dancing.Women  pray for whole night and stay alive. They shows their full devotion towards Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Their is faith that Goddess Parvati commemorating her union with Lord Shiva after celebrating this festival.They sing  hymns and songs in the temple of Lord Shiva and Parvati. They light diyo for whole day and night and on early next morning they throw all the prayer materials near the river. The first day of Teej is called' Dar Khane Din'.On this day both married women and unmarried girls eat varieties of food and then have dancing and singing. They move to Pasupatinath temple and their they enjoy by singing, dancing offer flowers, sweets and coins to Sivalingam.