Cohesion is a feature required  for all types of texts. Cohesion refers to how parts of a text are connected together. A paragraph cannot be an exception. We know that any kind of text must have a certain structure which depends on factors quite different from those required in the structure of a single sentence. Some of those factors are described in terms of cohesion or the ties and connections which exist within texts.Cohesion literally means 'sticking together', and it's a term from the field of physics that refers to the way water molecules stick to each other. In English, it refers to the way we use 'cohesive devices' to stick our ideas and words together so they flow. Cohesive devices have different definitions, but at REW we mean special words or phrases that do this job or things that we do to connect our ideas. In other words, it's how we use words or grammar to connect everything in our writing and speaking. 

                  Leech says, "By this  (cohesion) is meant the intra-textual relations of a grammatical and lexical kind which knit the parts of a text together into a complete unit of discourse and which, therefore, convey the meaning of the text as a whole."

   We can conclude that coheswion refers to the intra- textual relations of the grammatical and lexical items that make the parts of the text together as a whole to convey the complete meaning of a text. Thus, the lexical connectedness between or among the lexical items and the grammatical connectedness between/ among the grammatical kind can be termed as cohesion.Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis. We can  classify cohesion under two headings. They are ;

Grammatical cohesion

Lexical cohesion

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